Oct 20, 2021

Have you heard of the term ‘arthritis’ before but not really sure what it meant?

There are many types of arthritis, but the most commonly diagnosed is ‘osteoarthritis’ (OA). OA is also known as degenerative joint disease. While it sounds really scary, this condition comes about from normal age-related changes in the bones and cartilage. 🦴

Cartilage normally lines our bones to serve as a cushion for our joints so that we do not stress the bones beyond their capacity. In OA, the cartilage cells change & lose the ability to absorb stress. The knee joint is most affected by this, with the patella-femoral and tibia-femoral joints being diagnosed most.

The changes are seen on X-rays as decreased spaces between bones, but not everyone with such changes will feel pain. Hence we need to look at the individual as a whole and not just the X-ray.

Those with knee OA normally have:
💢Pain & creaking with movement
💢Swelling, warmth, redness

The pain may start small & increase with time as the changes do not occur overnight. If severe, the joints may deform.

It is painful to walk, squat, take the stairs & even carry out housework🧹. As such, it may be difficult to shop🛍️, carrying groceries, get around🚌 & engage in social activities.

Although OA is an age-related disease, some factors can predispose one from having it earlier or worse. This includes a previous knee injury (meniscus tear, fracture), being overweight & sedentary, & repeated stress on the knee (landscaping job, logistics job, professional athletes). 👷

However, please don’t worry as knee OA can be prevented or improved even if you have been diagnosed.

⚡First, manage your weight. If you are overweight, reducing your body weight by even 5% can have tremendous effect on your pain levels.
⚡Next, strengthen your leg muscles & prevent injuries.

This is where physiotherapy comes in. Based on assessment and individual needs, we will be able to ✅prescribe appropriate exercises for you. We can also employ our ✅manual techniques to reduce any joint stiffness or muscle tightness, & ✅modalities to reduce pain and swelling.

Send us a DM or contact us at 82182905 / 62620970 to find out more!

📝1. Hsu, H., & Siwiec, R. M. (2020). Knee osteoarthritis. StatPearls [Internet].
📝2. Weight Loss Benefits for Arthritis | Arthritis Foundation. (n.d.). Arthritis Foundation. Retrieved October 20, 2021, from https://www.arthritis.org/health-wellness/healthy-living/nutrition/weight-loss/weight-loss-benefits-for-arthritis
📝3. University of Washington, & Fitz, D. W. (n.d.). Joint deformity from knee arthritis [Photograph]. https://orthop.washington.edu/sites/default/files/Portals/21/LiveContent/8911/Images/figure5.jpg
📝4. Charlesworth, J., Fitzpatrick, J., Perera, N. K. P., & Orchard, J. (2019). Osteoarthritis-a systematic review of long-term safety implications for osteoarthritis of the knee. BMC musculoskeletal disorders, 20(1), 1-12.

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